(Stage 1) The selection of raw materials and aging
When it comes to building a piece of traditional wooden furniture, It needs material wood with a minimum of 300 to 500 years old.
Even if you get the right material wood, you need an additional 7 years with the wood aging period.
Trees are quite sensitive to temperature and humidity. They normally stretch with the hot and humid condition in summer and contract again with the cold and dry condition in winter.
So, when you make a piece of traditional wooden furniture with a big stave wood, it will increase the wood contraction and make it breaks or cracks.
So, by using several small-sized kinds of wood to reduce the wood contraction, at the same time, In winter, we apply the natural oil with the grass extract to the cut side of the trees and mature them for 2 years in order to prevent twisting and cracking.
After being matured with three years in the outdoor and two more years in the indoor, it is only qualified to become a genuine Luxury Korean furniture.
About the Embroidery Furniture by Artisan
Korean embroidery technique is well known for its excellence by expressing things in a realistic and delicate way.
And there are couple of Korean embroidery techniques.
First is the “ Chil-Bo-Su “ technique.
It is a unique technique of Korean embroidery which can not be seen in western embroidery.
It is a technique to make regular and geometric patterns by putting the base of the embroidery on it and placing the embroidery on it.
Second is the “ Ja-Ri-Su “ technique.
It is a unique embroidery technique that is only in Korean embroidery.
It is a technique to express the shape of matting mat and it is mainly used when filling a wide side.
(Stage 4) Ja-Su (Embroidery) works
Ja-Su, the Korean word for embroidery, was a method of cultivating beauty in every corner of Korean daily life. Traditional embroidery of Korea has a long history and has expressed the aesthetic qualities of Korea according to the changes of the times.
In Korean’s Ja-Su art works, The main characters have been used in their art works.
Plant pattern are chrysanthemums, flowers, morning glory, orchids, peonies, bamboo, vines, cherry blossoms, peaches, peach flowers, pine trees, lotus flowers, roses, fenugreek. And the animal or insect patterns are turtle, butterfly, bee, phoenix, deer, bird and so on.
And all such characters are used as a symbol of their wishing light, wealthy, long live and luck.
In general, three groups of specialists participate in the production.
A professional painter who design a draft and the color of scheme of the art works is characterized by its simple look and delicate aesthetic appeal, while some skilled dryers produced the cloth and thread. And Ja-Su craftswoman of honor who specialize in embroidery work with over 40 years of experience perform the actual embroidery works.
(Stage 3) Lacquering works
The lacquer furniture had been historically made only in China, Korea, and Japan because the natural high-quality lacquer materials have been produced only within the 3 far east countries.
The production of lacquered objects is a detailed and time-consuming process which involves many steps, specialized tools and often a series of master craftsmanship. The fabrication of the substrate to which the lacquer is applied fall to one artisan, the preparation of the ground layers to another and the final decoration to another with over 17 times repeated lacquering works.
Lacquer may be used in its natural state color but cinnabar and iron oxide could be used to make red, black and other different color lacquers.
Korean natural lacquer coating called Ott-Chil uses an extract from the lacquer tree. It is believed that this coating technique has been used in Korea for two thousand years. Ott-Chill(Korean Lacquer) creates a shiny and smooth surface when dried.
Its surface will not be changed or damaged by our daily life’s activity because the Ott-Chil(Korean Lacquer) has unique features such as strong durability, dehumidification, and anti-pest. As some archaeological artifacts prove, a well-made piece of lacquer furniture can maintain its original condition for more than 2000 years. So that makes this Ott-Chil(Korean Lacquer) ware unique with their own aesthetic beauty and practical for our life either.
(Stage 2) The material wood cutting & assembling
The craftsman normally work with trees that are cut in autumn or winter because if you cut trees in the spring, the trees are cracked because of the water soaked into the wood during winter season..
The craftsman cuts and assembles the matured material wood pieces together by using a "Traditional Korean Cohesive Technique" that combine small-sized wood with another small-sized wood without using any nails at all.
The important part here is that the trees breathe even when they die.
That is why you have to make their breathing spot when you make furniture.
Thus, When aligning the edges of the furniture, Korean craftsman use a sophisticated manufacturing technique that combines each matured material wood piece together with a gap of 1 to 2 mm between them.
1. Material wood selection and aging period
When it comes to building a piece of Korean luxury traditional wooden furniture, It needs material wood with a minimum of 300 to 500 years old. Even if the craftsman get the right material wood, he spends an additional 7 years on aging the woods before starting to make furniture.
2. All works are carried out manually by human cultural assets with over 40 years of experience.
Working as a team with Korea's human cultural assets such as Somok-Jang(carpenter), Ott-Chil-Jang(lacquerer) and Ja-Su-Jang(embroidery craftswoman), they continue to adhere to traditional craft methods while merging Korean traditional craft's know-how with the contemporary design.
3. There are no places where the lacquer work has to be painted more than 17 times in many coats.
Ott-Chil(lacquer art) which uses sap extracted from the lacquer tree has been known for its unique shiny elegant & peaceful color. However, achieving this long-lasting shiny blossming color involves an extremely long and complicated time-consuming process which is required to take many working steps, specialized tools and often a series of master craftsmanship with their sincere dedication to their craftwork.